Arrow Basics: Parts of a Carbon Hunting Arrow


Bowhunters tend to concentrate on their bow and its accessories when it comes to selecting equipment. That is natural after all of the bow is the greatest. Most expensive piece that contributes the most to accurate, powerful, and reliable shooting. However, The bow is just half of the equation, and the other half is the arrow. When you haven’t optimized your installation by selecting the right arrows. Then you have significantly lessened the effectiveness of your bow. The contemporary Carbon Hunting Arrow is a far cry from what our native brethren used. Let us take a look at the various parts that compose a high tech and highly efficient killing instrument.

Parts of Hunting Arrow

The modern hunting arrow is a marvelous mixture of high tech materials and advanced aerodynamic design. Gone are the times when primitive peoples used simple arrows of bone, wood, or reeds. Though for thousands of years that they served to bring home the match, and for contemporary purists they still do. With the introduction of fiberglass and aluminum arrows in the 60’s and 70’s. Technology started to make its mark, but the fundamental components of an arrow stay the same.

Arrow Basics: Parts of a Carbon Hunting Arrow


The nock is a plastic tip with a slot located on the back of the arrow. It snaps onto the bowstring at a point called the ‘nocking point’ and retains the arrow in the right position. Nocks come in a number of sizes to fit unique strings, and with the incorrect size can affect precision. A fantastic nock fit will permit an arrow to hang out of the bowstring pointing downward without falling off. Although allowing the series to rotate over the notch. To put it differently, with only enough grip on the string to hold it in position. But not too much. Nocks can also be sized to match different Carbon Hunting Arrow shaft sizes, and with different methods of attaching them to the arrow:

  • Press Fit Nocks — The most frequent type used, these just slide within the hollow shaft and lock into position. Made to fit standard shaft inside diameters from .166″ into .246″.
  • Overnocks — As the name suggests, these nocks slide snugly over the end of the shaft, and can be found in many different sizes.
  • Pin Nocks — These nocks fit over and lock onto a pin at the end of the shaft, and are of a universal fit. Largely used by competition shooters.
  • Traditional Nocks — These match over bottoms with a cone-shaped finish, and are simply pushed into place, or glued.

All these sorts of nock is easily substituted at home.


These are the feathers or synthetic vanes on the trunk of an arrow, usually numbering three but occasionally more. Two feathers are the exact same color and one will have another color, known as the cock feather. That’s the one which faces the hunter when shooting. They create aerodynamic drag and may impart a twist in an arrow, which enhances flight stability and accuracy. Arrow fletching can be produced from natural feathers or synthetic substances, each of which have their advantages and disadvantages, and can be assembled in various lengths and shapes to change the surface area of the vanes, and consequently aerodynamic performance.

Vanes connects to the rotating shaft in a straight and parallel settings, a helical pattern that wraps around the arrow, or an offset pattern that’s a blend of both. Arrows are usually bought with the fletching already set up, but serious hunters can easily attach their own for more personalized results with a fletching jig.


There are lots of factors to consider when choosing the correct arrow shaft, and using the wrong one can significantly affect precision and also be dangerous. Shafts construct from wood, fiberglass, carbon, or aluminum, but the latter two substances are the most frequently use for compound bows and crossbows. Factors to consider when picking an arrow:

  • Weight — Lighter weights fly faster and with a flatter trajectory, but additional weight increases penetration. The advantages and disadvantages of both hotly debate. Both are use by hunters, base on personal preference. A general guideline is five to six grains for every pound per draw weight.
  • Spine — The measure of the stiffness or flexibility of a shaft. Arrows flex in a series of oscillations when fired from a bow, and this may drastically affect accuracy. Correct shaft spine depends upon the specific bow setup, and determining it could be complex. Producers sell their arrows as appropriate for different draw weights, which is enough for many hunters.
  • Diameter — Many hunters believe that smaller diameter shafts provide greater kinetic energy upon impact and, being thinner, provide better penetration, but most use regular 5/16″ and 9/32″ shafts.
  • Shaft Wall Thickness — Clearly this has a connection to both weight and backbone.

Arrow Length

Arrows must also be the ideal length for a specific bow draw weight. Technically an arrow’s length is measure base on the criteria of the Archery Manufacturer’s Association (AMO). This stipulates an arrow measure from the base of the notch slot towards the end of the shaft. With no insert or an arrowhead installed. This is the measure use when purchasing or buying new shafts. With the appropriate shaft length/draw length ratio. The end of the shaft should extend about 1 3/4″ beyond the outer edge of the riser.

Shaft’s buy-in lengths which allow them to be cut to meet any AMO normal length, and this is done in your home. But it ought to be noted that Carbon Hunting Arrow must only be trimmed with an abrasive-wheel saw at high rates, or a Dremel tool with a similar wheel. Attempting to do the job with a hacksaw or tube will splinter the delicate fibers and damage, possibly ruin, the shaft. Since it typically costs nothing to get shafts professionally cut, this may be the best alternative for most.

Shaft Inserts

Metal inserts, made from aluminum but occasionally brass, is install to the front of a rotating shaft and include a thread aperture to permit various kinds of arrow tips. Whether practice hints, broadheads, or other forms of tips. To immediately connect to the arrow. These found in many standard sizes to accommodate different shaft diameters. These are simply glued to the arrow shaft. If shafts are cut to size in your home, a tapering tool ought to be used to smooth the cut edges of the shaft.

Arrow Tips

Tips represent the Company end of a Carbon Hunting Arrow, and as far as the hunter is concerned, come in two basic types:

  • Field Points — All these are made for training, shooting at a target or at the field. They offer in a bullet point, with a conical head, field stage. Which has a pointier head, and a grabbing stage, which utilizes wire hooks to keep the arrow from being lost in grass or thick brush. They can be bought in the very same weights as the broadheads that are used for real hunting, making exercise more realistic. There’s also a blunt point for hunting small game such as rabbits or rabbits.
  • Broadheads — These are equipped with four or three razor blades for hunting larger game, and arrive in fixed-blade forms, which glue directly into the shaft or are set up onto a screw-in ferrule, removable-blade forms, so that blades are easily sharpened or replaced if damaged or dull, and expandable-blade forms, which spring open upon impact.

There’s a continuing debate on whether stationary or expandable-blade broadheads are more powerful, although studies have shown that both types produce high deer recovery prices. Expandable, or mechanical, broadheads have less drag in flight and are not as susceptible to aerodynamic elements, which increases accuracy. However, they may be fragile and do not always deploy correctly. Fixed-blade broadheads are more durable and more reliable just as they fix in position, but they’re more vulnerable to drag and wind factors.

Closing Thoughts

Carbon Hunting Arrow are very similar to aircraft. Airplanes design to have particular characteristics base on their intended usage, and when you change one design variable to attain specific functionality. Such as weight or external settings, it is always at the expense of other attributes. By way of instance, an aircraft can be made to be nimble and fast, like a fighter, but it is at the cost of fuel and cargo capacity. Useful selection, and stability. Similarly, all of the above factors and portions of an arrow come together to determine functionality. and the bowhunter should consider all of them together to achieve the very best configuration for the bow installation and the intended assignment. Further Reading:


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