How to train a dog to track the wounded deer

Tracking the wounded deer for Hunting

the wounded deer hunting

Hunting- a sport that seems a wild and cruel to large no.of people beside which many among the crowd take it only as a sport. The wounded deer hunting no doubt is very attention requiring work as a simple and minute blunder can result in a big loss hence, for this man-made the use of his best friend-a dog. YES in various circumstances dog has proved itself to be man’s best friend and the same is the case of hunting. It has shown its skills brilliantly to help up the hunters as well.

Hunters have various tricks, but one of the oldest trick is to have a dog as a hunting partner.

There are 30 well-recognize sporting breeds, according to the American Kennel Club, and many dogs—of any of the other breed!—can be taught the essentials to be a perfect hunting companion but a general question that would arise in your mind would be:

  • When did hunters start using dogs?


the wounded deer hunting

Dogs have been used for hunting as long as 20,000 years ago. When our ancestors were still hunter-gatherers since agriculture had not yet even been invented. In fact, dogs are thought to be the first animals. That was considered to be a human’s friend. They domesticated, before cows and sheep.

Many great hunters in the entire history are known to have used dogs. Theodore Roosevelt accompanied famous houndsmen Ben Lilly and Holt Collier on bear hunts in Louisiana using a pack of bear hounds. The Holt Collier hunts resulted in the creation of the “Teddy Bear,” and Ben Lilly’s rugged lifestyle left a lasting impression on TR himself

Nowadays, Dogs are used by some deer hunters to track deer. Sometimes the purpose of the tracking is to have the dogs chase the deer toward the hunter. While other times the objective is to have the dogs track a deer that has been wounded and has run away into the woods. For either purpose. It is important to lead dogs through an effective training program that will prepare them to track deer successfully.


According to today’s hunting, dogs fall into three main categories, with a no. of breeds belonging to each category based on appearance and abilities of dogs.

  • Terriers

Terriers are small dogs that are used to hunt small game, such as birds or rabbits, or may be to track the wounded large animals such as deer. These dogs are still common hunting partners in various parts of the world, but they have largely become house pets in the U.S. Examples include Airedales, Jack Russell terriers.

  • Gun Dogs

Its  job is to pursue game animals that are hidden. They are able to detect a prey animal’s scent in the air at closer range, will flush birds and small game, and some retrieve downed animals also. Gun dogs are mostly useful when hunting upland and wetland game, birds, and small mammals. Examples include Labrador retrievers, English pointers.

  • Hounds

A hound is trained to be built for stamina, as its job is to chase and run behind game black-and-tan coonhound and foxhound. They mostly have loud barks and perfect noses. Some are specialized in treeing game such as squirrels until their hunter arrives. Hounds excel at hunting deer, coyote, wild boar. Examples include the mountain cur


the wounded deer hunting

It is the dog’s job to track the deer and chase it out where the hunter can get a shot at it. Another job of the dog is to find the deer that was shoot but took off running. The best breeds for deer hunting are the hounds. The American foxhound has become a favorite over the centuries. Hunters have used dogs in deer hunting since Europeans settled in the Americas.



  • Choose a young dog that comes from either purebred hounds or hound mixes. Walkers, Setters, Beagles and Bluetick hounds often make good deer dogs. It is also best to start training the dog from the time it is three to six months old.


  • Feed your dog a nutritional diet so that it will be in optimal health for hunting. Consult the resources section for guidelines on what to feed your dog, as well as the quantity of food your dog needs.


  • Expose the dog to a deer’s scent. Scatter some drops of blood across the ground if you plan on your dog tracking the wounded deer hunting. If you want your dog to track running deer (not wounded), use a piece of deer hide (preferably from the leg section near the tarsal gland) to expose them to a deer’s scent.


  • Use hide or scatter the blood across a field away from the dog’s sight. Then place the dog at the beginning of the trail in order to let them smell out where you went.


  • Ride your dog around with you as you look for deer in areas that are heavily populated with deer. Once you see a deer, immediately take the dog out and put it where the deer was in hopes that it will pick up the scent and begin to track.



After you have trained your dog really well, all you have to do is to reinforce your instruction strongly else your efforts would simply move to garbage. You always need to be consistent in your commands and actions so the dog has a clear understanding of what you want him to do. Always give treats or other positive reinforcement for a job well done and after training. A pat on the head and verbal praise can go a long way in reinforcing the behavior. Never ever beat a dog, throw things at him or do other negative actions if the dog gets the training wrong. Only reward him when he gets it right and be encouraging. Keep training clear, simple and a fun experience for the dog and he will learn fast.


  • The dog has to be well-trained

The partnership you have with a well-trained dog is unlike anything you experience anywhere else. Of course you will spend a great deal of time training your dog, but the results are always remarkable. Deer love thickets, but when they spread for acres. You will at a huge disadvantage without a properly train dog.

  • Legal issues

Deer hunting with dogs is exciting, but it is not legal to hunt with hounds in every state. You may end up paying a hefty fine if you get caught hunting in states where dog hunting is illegal. Avoid any legal hitches by checking up with the necessary authorities within your area.

  • Always remember hunting deer with dogs is just a sport

Deer hunting with hounds is simply a sport. You should always remember that. Therefore, do not punish or dislike your dog in any way if you fail to shoot any deer. Instead, you should enjoy yourself in the field as you enjoy the company of your friend.

  • Go for a hound with an acute sense of smell

Success when wounded deer hunting with a dog depends on its sense of smell. Therefore, it will be wise of you if you train a hound with an acute sense of smell for the hunt. The best scent hound can be difficult to train because it tends to follow its nose instead of heeling. But it is your best choice to a successful deer hunt.

  • Use an electric collar and a tracking collar during the hunt

Silence is important when a dog involve in the hunt. So, you should consider using an electric collar to remind your dogs of the commands in case it fails to follow them in the field. The tracking collar helps you catch up with your dog if it gets too far ahead of you.


Now, you teach really well to train a dog for the wounded deer hunting purposes. After following the facts and the instructions discuss above in the article, no doubt you would be really able to do so by yourself and would definitely enjoy the perks of being a great hunter. According to the history, Hunting has been a need of man since the dawn of our birth, we’ve relied on hunting to provide food, clothing and many more for centuries in order to live.

A successful hunt could mean the difference between life and death, generations of hunters have found their four-legged partners to ensure the chance of life. There are many successful hunters that depend completely on their own skills to hunt. But working with a hunting dog is the best way to gather your own skills with. The benefits offered by a dog. Our forefathers better understood the balance of man and nature and our bond to the earth. By working directly with nature, we can have a more strong connection to the game we pursue, and enhance our daily dose of manliness.




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